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[KIIP level 5] Lesson 11: 한국의 교육열 Educational fervor in Korea

<Page 55> SECTION 1: 한국은 왜 대학진학률이 높을까? 
대학진학률: University entrance rate
이루어지다: to be done; be formed; be achieved
특수목적 중학교: Special purpose middle school
해당되다: to correspond to; to be equivalent to; to be tantamount to
진학하다: to enter a higher education institution
마치다: to complete; to finish
비율: ratio; proportion
OECD: The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
평균: average; mean
이수: completion
희망하다: hope; wish
대학수학능력시험: College Scholastic Ability Test
치르다: to experience
졸업 예정자: a graduate-to-be
실시되다: to be executed; to be enforced; to be implemented
논술: discourse; statement; enunciation
거치다: to go through
경제협력 개발기구: (OECD) Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development
최고: the highest; top; the best
수준: standard; norm
달하다: to accomplish; to achieve; to reach
사회적 지위: one's social position/ standing
상승시키다: to rise; to increase
인식되다: to be recognized; to be perceived
물론: of course
배경: background
임금: wage; pay
영향: influence
연봉: annual salary
전문대: junior college
집계되다: to be totaled; to be aggregated
학력별: By educational background
임금차이: Wage difference
나타나다: to show up, to appear; to come into sight
사회적인 지위: one's social position/ standing
유리하다: isolate, favorable; advantageous
경쟁: competition
치열하다: fierce; intense
벌어지다: to occur; to happen (bad incident)
감당하다: to cope with; to manage; to handle
기꺼이: willingly; gladly
나타나다: to show up, to appear; to come into sight
엿: A sticky sweet that is made by fermenting steamed rice with malt, heating the fermented rice at a low temperature until it becomes liquid and then reducing it to make it sticky.
찹쌀떡: glutinous rice cake
붙다: to stick to; to cling to
찍다 to pick; to select; to strike
풀다 to untie, to open, to resolve; to find out

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