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V-고 나서 grammar = and then, after doing ~express sequential events

L1.21 V- 나서 grammar = and then, after doing ~express sequential events


Express sequential events that the 2nd event occurs after the completion of the 1st one. = and then, after doing

In some cases, -나서 can be omitted without changing the meaning. The inclusion of -나서 simply clarifies that the 1st event has completed. 

일하고 나서 쉬세요 = 일하고 쉬세요.
Please take a rest after finishing work

- If the subject of the motion and state verbs are the same in the both clauses,

가다 = to go 
오다 = to come
올라가다 = to go up
내려가다 = to go down
일어나다 = to wake up
앉다 = to sit
눕다 = to lie down 
만나다 = to meet

then -/어서 is used instead of - and - 나서. (See example 5 and 6)

Examples :

1. 텔레비전을 보고 나서 자요.
I slept after watching TV.

2. 아침을 먹고 나서 회사에 가요.
I go to company after eating breakfast.

3.  선생님서류를 언제까지 드릴까요?
수업이 끝나고 나서 주세요.
Teach Kim, when shall I give you the documents?
- Please give them to me after the class.

4. 듣기 시험을 어떻게 봐요?
문제를  듣고 나서 대답을 찾으세요.
How do you take the listening test?
- Listen the question carefully and then find the answer.

5. 나는 학교에 가고 나서 공부해요. (wrong)
→ 나는 학교에 가서 공부해요.
I go to school and study.

6. 한라산에 올라가고 나서 사진을 찍었어요. (wrong)
→ 한라산에 올라가서 사진을 찍었어요.
I climbed Hallasan and took the pictures.

7. 나는 아침에 일어나서 샤워를 해요샤워를 끝나고 나서 아침 식사를 해요.
I wake up in the morning and take a shower. After having a shower, I have a breakfast.

8. 숙제를 다 하고 나서 밖에 친구를 만나러 가요.
After doing all the homework, I go out to meet my friend.

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